Perth, located in Perth and Kinross, served as the capital of Scotland from the 12th century. One of the most famous sights in the immediate area today is still Scone Palace. The palace is open to visitors from April through October. More than 30 Scottish kings were crowned in the Palace, including Robert the Bruce. Other popular sights in the area include St. John's Kirk, which is the oldest building in Perth and dates back to 1159, as well as St Ninian's Cathedral and the Black Watch Museum. There are numerous eating and shopping venues in the immediate area.
Perth is a town in central Scotland, located on the banks of the river Tay and with a population of over 40,000 people. Perth is popularly called "The Fair City" and its name originally meant "wood" or "copse". The area has been populated for at least eight thousand years and the nearby stone circles date back to around 4,000 BC. The town is famous for the four bridges that cross the river Tay. Between them, these have provided river crossings since the Old Bridge was completed in 1771, making the town an important part of the transport network in this part of Scotland. There are plans for a fifth river crossing in the near future.
Although the town's name is still shown on a number of whisky brands, there are no longer any whisky distilleries in Perth. Instead, the town houses a number of higher-tech industries including insurance and banking. Perth's location means that it is nowadays an important shopping centre and it has a main pedestrianised shopping zone as well as the popular St John's Shopping Centre, which is home to over 40 different shops.
Scone Palace is high up on the list of things to visit when you visit Perth. This was built out of red sandstone in the early 1800's although the design was based on an earlier sixteenth century palace. The state rooms contain some magnificent collections of furniture and other items. You can also see a replica of the Stone of Scone, which was used in the coronation of Scottish and English kings and queens.
Balhousie Castle is another popular tourist destination and the current building dates back to 1631, although it has been subject to some extensive renovation since that time. It is possibly most famous as being the regimental headquarters for the Black Watch.